Under Title VII, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), and the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), it is illegal to discriminate in any aspect of employment, including:
The ADA prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in all employment practices. It is necessary to understand several important ADA definitions to know who is protected by the law and what constitutes illegal discrimination.
An individual with a disability under the ADA is a person who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, has a record of such an impairment, or is regarded as having such an impairment. Major life activities are activities that an average person can perform with little or no difficulty such as walking, breathing, seeing, hearing, speaking, learning and working.
A qualified employee or applicant with a disability is someone who satisfies skill, experience, education and other job-related requirements of the position held or desired.
Title VII and the ADA cover all private employers, state and local governments, and education institutions that employ 15 or more individuals. These laws also cover private and public employment agencies, labor organizations and joint labor management committees controlling apprenticeship and training.
The ADEA covers all private employers with 20 or more employees, state and local governments (including school districts), employment agencies and labor organizations.
Title VII, the ADEA and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) also cover the federal government. In addition, the federal government is covered by Section 501 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, which incorporates the requirements of the ADA. However, different procedures are used for processing complaints of federal discrimination. Federal employees must first contact an Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) counselor at their place of employment or the federal agency where you applied for employment, WITHIN 45 DAYS OF THE ALLEGED DISCRIMINATORY ACT, without exception.